"An increasingly pluralistic United States faced profound domestic and global challenges, debated the proper degree of government activism, and sought to define its international role."

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Unit Overview:

Key Concepts:


  • 7.1 Governmental, political, and social organizations struggled to address the effects of large scale industrialization, economic uncertainty, and related social changes such as urbanization and mass migration.
    • II. Progressive reformers responded to economic instability, social inequality, and political corruption by calling for government intervention in the economy, expanded democracy, greater social justice, and conservation of natural resources.
    • III. National, state, and local reformers responded to the economic upheavals, laissez-faire capitalism, and the Great Depression by transforming the United States into a welfare state.
  • 7.2. A revolution in communications and transportation technology helped to create a new mass culture and spread "modern" values and ideas, even as cultural conflicts between groups increased under the pressure of migration, world wars, and economic distress.
    • I. New technologies led to social transformations that improved the standard of living for many while contributing to increased political and cultural conflicts.
    • III. Economic dislocations, social pressures, and the economic growth spurred by World Wars I and II led to a greater degree of migration within the United States, as well as migration to the United States from elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere.
  • 7.3. Global conflicts over resources, territories, and ideologies renewed debates over the nation's values and its role in the world while simultaneously propelling the United States into a dominant international military, political, cultural, and economic position.
    • II. World War I and its aftermath intensified debates about the nation's role in the world and how best to achieve national security and pursue American interests.
    • III. The involvement of the United States in World War II, while opposed by most Americans prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, vaulted the United States into global political and military prominence and transformed both American society and the relationship between the United States and the rest of the world.

Introductory Lecture:


Study Guide and Outline:




Activities and Exercises:


Supporting Links:


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