"Europeans and American Indians maneuvered and fought for dominance, control and security in North America, and distinctive colonial and native societies emerged. "

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Unit Overview:

Key Concepts:

  • 2.1Differences in imperial goals, cultures, and the North American environments that different empires confronted led Europeans to develop diverse patterns of colonization.
    • I. 17th century Spanish, French, Dutch, and British colonizers embraced different social and economic goals, cultural assumptions, folkways, resulting in varied models of colonization.
    • II. The British-American system of slavery developed out of the economic, demographic, and geographic characteristics of the British controlled regions of the New World.
    • III. Along with other factors, environmental and geographical variations, including climate and natural resources, contributed to regional differences in what would become the British colonies.
  • 2.2. European colonization efforts in North America stimulated intercultural contact and intensified conflict between the various groups of colonizers and native peoples.
    • I. Competition over resources between European rivals led to conflict within and between North American colonial possessions and American Indians.
    • II. Clashes between European and American Indian social and economic values caused change in both cultures.
  • 2.3. The increasing political, economic, and cultural exchanges within the "Atlantic World" had a profound impact on the development of colonial societies in North America.
    • I. "Atlantic World" commercial, religious, philosophical, and political interactions among Europeans, Africans, and American native peoples stimulated economic growth, expanded social networks, and reshaped labor systems.
    • II. Britain's desire to maintain a viable North American empire in the face of growing internal challenges and external competition inspired efforts to strengthen its imperial control, stimulating increasing resistance from colonists who had grown accustomed to a large measure of autonomy.

Newman Notes:

Introductory Powerpoints:

Activities and Exercises:

Supporting Links:

APUSH Newman Notes
Chapter 3: Colonial Society in the 18th Century
*Corresponding Pageant Reading: Chapter 5
For directions and expectations, see “Specific Guidelines for Reading and Outlining Assignment” in the summer reading packet.

I. Population Growth

a. European Immigrants

i. English

ii. Germans

iii. Scotch-Irish

iv. Others

b. Africans

II. The Structure of Colonial Society
a. General Characteristics
i. Self-government
ii. Religious toleration
iii. No Hereditary Aristocracy
iv. Social Mobility

b. The Family
i. Men
ii. Women

III. The Economy
a. New England

b. Middle Colonies

c. Southern Colonies

d. Monetary System
e. Transportation

III. Religion
Established Churches

A. The Great Awakening

a. Jonathan Edwards
b. George Whitefield
c. Religious Impact

d. Political Influence
IV. Cultural Life
A. Achievements in Arts and Sciences
B. Education

a. Elementary Education
b. Higher Education
c. Ministers
d. Physicians
e. Lawyers

C. The Press

a. Newspapers
b. The Zenger Case

D. Rural Folkways
E. The Enlightenment

F. Emergence of a National Character

I. Politics
A. Structure of Government
B. Local Government
C. Voting