"As the United States transitioned to a new century filled with challenges and possibilities, it experienced renewed ideological and cultural debates, sought to redefine its foreign policy, and adapted to economic globalization and revolutionary changes in science and technology."
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Unit Overview:

This unit will review...

Key Concepts:

  • 9.1 A new conservatism grew to prominence in U.S. culture and politics, defending traditional social values and rejecting liberal views about the role of government.
    • I. Reduced public faith in the government's ability to solve social and economic problems, the growth of religious fundamentalism ,and the dissemination of neoconservative thought all combined to invigorate conservatism.
    • II. Conservatives achieved some of their political and policy goals, but their success was limited by enduring popularity and institutional strength of some government programs and public support for cultural trends of recent decades.
  • 9.2. The end of the Cold War and the new challenges to U.S. leadership in the world forced the nation to redefine its foreign policy and global role.
    • I. The Reagan administration pursued a reinvigorated anti-Communist and interventionist foreign policy that set the tone for later administrations.
    • II. Following the attacks of September 11, 2001, U.S. foreign policy and military involvement focused on a war on terrorism, which also generated debates about domestic security and civil rights.
  • 9.3. Moving into the 21st Century, the nation continued to experience challenges stemming from social, economic and demographic changes.
    • I. The increasing integration of the United States into the world economy was accomplished by economic instability and major policy , social, and environmental challenges.
    • II. The U.S. population continued to undergo significant demographic shifts that had profound cultural and political consequences.

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