"An increasingly pluralistic United States faced profound domestic and global challenges, debated the proper degree of government activism, and sought to define its international role."

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Unit Overview:

This unit will review...

Key Concepts:

  • 7.1 Governmental, political, and social organizations struggled to address the effects of large scale industrialization, economic uncertainty, and related social changes such as urbanization and mass migration.
    • I. The continuing growth and consolidation of large corporations transformed American society and the nation's economy, promoting urbanization and economic growth, even as business cycle fluctuations became increasingly severe.
    • II. Progressive reformers responded to economic instability, social inequality, and political corruption by calling for government intervention in the economy, expanded democracy, greater social justice, and conservation of natural resources.
  • 7.2. A revolution in communications and transportation technology helped to create a new mass culture and spread "modern" values and ideas, even as cultural conflicts between groups increased under the pressure of migration, world wars, and economic distress.
    • I. New technologies led to social transformations that improved the standard of living for many while contributing to increased political and cultural conflicts.
    • II. The global ramifications of World War I and wartime patriotism and xenophobia, combined with social tensions created international migration, resulted in legislation restricting immigration from Asia and from south and eastern Europe.
    • III. Economic dislocations, social pressures, and the economic growth spurred by World Wars I and II led to a greater degree of migration within the United States, as well as migration to the United States from elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere.
  • 7.3. Global conflicts over resources, territories, and ideologies renewed debates over the nation's values and its role in the world while simultaneously propelling the United States into a dominant international military, political, cultural, and economic position.
    • I. Many Americans began to advocate overseas expansionism in the late 19th century, leading to new territorial ambitions and acquisitions in the Western Hemisphere and the Pacific.
    • II. World War I and its aftermath intensified debates about the nation's role in thw world and how best to achieve national security and pursue American interests.
Introductory Lecture:




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Activities and Exercises:



Supporting Links:

Video Review Links